Roman Ruins of El Collet

The Villa of Collet are some roman ruins located on a hill, in the town of Sant Antoni de Calonge. The settlement dates from the 2nd century before Christ and was inhabited until the 5th century or the beginning of the 6th century. About one hundred years after the abandonment, a necropolis was created in the place of a Roman pottery, to the east of the villa. The thin traces were found in the 19th century when the road from Palamòs to Sant Feliu was built. Archaeologists always boasted that the villa that is now 150 meters from the coastline had a port area. In 2002 two moorings excavated on the rock unearthed in the second half of the 2nd century BC, such as the remains of an aqueduct, the only one in the province of Girona and the homes of the workers in the cellar. Since 2002, the General Directorate of Heritage of the Generalitat declared El Collet as an Area of ​​Archaeological Protection (EPA), in order to protect it against the strong pressure of urbanization of the coastal district.

The activity of the villa is recorded through the finding of pavements, walls, mosaics, remains of houses and various everyday utensils. The Romans excavated the “Rec Madral” in order to allow the drainage of the wetlands of the Calonge plain. Highlights include the presence of large bundles that were used to cook ceramics and other tools dedicated to the manufacture of lime. The unusable waste left has allowed to identify that the largest production was intended for the manufacture of amphorae for the transport of wine. The archaeological site is exceptional as the place has not been densely built and has hardly been destroyed. The location of the Collet villa, close to the sea and with a backdrop of vineyards, made it especially suitable for the export of wine through the whole Mediterranean sea.

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