Puig de Castellet

This settlement was occupied over a well-defined period, 250-210 B.C. The settlement, which was probably an outpost of a larger centre (possibly Montbarbat, which is further inland), is situated on the north-west side of the hill, commanding a view over the entire coastline yet wholly invisible from the sea. Hence its functions: surveillance, and territorial control, it did perhaps house a group of warriors and their families.

The site’s layout is somewhere between a rectangle and a pentangle, the longest side measuring 30 metres. It is almost entirely enclosed by a wall. Inside there are 11 rectangular areas, each with one, two or three rooms. Each dwelling has a living area and a working area. These areas generally backed onto the wall, in order to make the best use of the space available and to make the most of the light and warmth of the sun. In the middle, there is an open space for community use.

Various facilities have been discovered in the central, square amongst which are excavated in the rock used to collect rainwater or to filter the water that naturally rose from the groundwater table. There were also pits for throwing out waste and collecting sewage. The ovens also stand out from amongst the facilities, used for baking bread, pottery or bricks that they used for the house walls.

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